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Statistics

2012 PERFORMANCE

Traffic Performance

Scheduled Revenue Passenger Tonne-Kilometres (RPKs) performed by African airlines increased by 5.9% to 292.97 billion from last year’s 272.85 billion. On the other hand, capacity measured by Available Passenger Tonne-Kilometres (ASKs) was up 4.6% from 252.6 billion in 2010 to 414.2 billion. Domestic RPKs went up by 8% in 2012 while ASK also grew by 5.3%.

Africa Traffic Growth (RPKs) by Regional Flow (in Billions)

Source: AFRAA/IATA

 African Airlines Traffic Performance by Region: 2012

Source: AFRAA/IATA WATS


African Airlines RPKs & ASKs - 2007 – 2012 (in billions)

Source: AFRAA

 Africa Passenger Traffic and Capacity Annual Percentage Growth:  2007 - 2012

Source: AFRAA/IATA

2012 Vs 2011 monthly traffic performance - Africa

 

RPK

ASK

PLF pt

FTK

AFTK

FLF

Jan 2012 vs Jan 2011

-3.60%

-0.80%

64.80%

-3.70%

-1.70%

20.80%

Feb 2012 vs Feb 2011

24.70%

20.20%

62.70%

3.80%

17.40%

24.70%

Mar 2012 vs Mar 2011

14.30%

10.70%

64.80%

3.80%

17.00%

27.60%

Apr 2012 vs Apr 2011

7.00%

8.50%

65.90%

6.90%

9.00%

26.20%

May 2012 vs May 2011

9.70%

11.80%

62.90%

*

*

*

Jun 2012 vs Jun 2011

10.10%

10.60%

65.00%

16.90%

12.20%

26.20%

Jul  2012 vs Jul 2011

5.20%

6.30%

73.10%

*

*

*

Aug 2012vs Aug 2011

3.20%

6.00%

68.30%

11.10%

7.90%

23.60%

Sep2012 vs Sep 2011

4.70%

3.00%

71.60%

2.60%

1.40%

24.10%

Oct 2012 vs  Oct 2011

2.80%

2.40%

67.70%

-3.00%

2.60%

26.40%

Nov 2012 vs Nov 2011

5.00%

4.40%

64.70%

2.20%

3.60%

26.10%

Dec 2012 vs Dec 2011

5.70%

3.70%

68.50%

8.20%

5.60%

25.20%

* Statistics not published due to data limitations

   

Source: IATA

Month on Month Comparison

 

RPK

ASK

PLF pt

FTK

AFTK

FLF pt

January 2012 vs. December 2011

-0.90%

-0.40%

-0.30%

1.90%

-1.50%

0.80%

February 2012 vs. January 2012

2.30%

1.60%

0.50%

-1.30%

1.90%

-0.80%

March 2012 vs. February 2012

0.00%

0.10%

0.00%

4.80%

1.90%

0.70%

April 2012vs. March  2012

0.20%

2.40%

-1.40%

0.30%

0.10%

0.00%

May 2012 vs. April  2012

1.60%

1.40%

0.10%

*

*

*

June 2012 vs. May  2012

-0.70%

0.00%

-0.50%

-0.10%

0.10%

-0.10%

July 2012 vs. June  2012

1.40%

0.00%

0.90%

*

*

*

Augustl 2012 vs. July  2012

-0.80%

-0.40%

-0.30%

2.50%

-1.80%

1.10%

September2012 vs. August  2012

1.00%

-1.20%

1.50%

-2.90%

-2.50%

-0.10%

October 2012 vs. September  2012

-0.40%

0.50%

-0.60%

-1.80%

1.40%

-0.80%

November 2012 vs. October  2012

0.10%

0.90%

-0.50%

0.60%

0.30%

0.10%

December 2012 vs. November  2012

0.40%

-0.60%

0.70%

-3.10%

0.60%

-1.00%

* Statistics not published due to data limitations

 

 

Source: IATA

 

Passengers carried

Passenger numbers has grown consistently year on year since 2004 except in 2011 where the numbers dipped as a result of the Arab Spring and political instability in parts of North Africa. From less than 40 million passengers carried in 2004 by African airlines, Passenger numbers have increased to almost 63 million in 2012; a cumulative growth of 61.5% (average annual growth 7.8%). 

Passengers Carried by African Airlines: 2007 – 2012 (in millions) 

Source: AFRAA 

Domestic passenger numbers increased by over 8% to 19.4 million due an increase in access to air travel, lower fares and new routes launched in 2012. The growing competition in many domestic markets and the resultant improvement in service quality and lower fares continue to stimulate demand. Low Costs Airlines, particularly in South Africa, Kenya, Egypt, Morocco and lately Tanzania continue to aggressively promote and attract more passengers, some of whom have never flown by air.

Intra-Africa passenger numbers went up 12.75% to 16.8 million, up from 14.9 million in 2011. This growth was driven largely by the rapidly growing business and trade among African countries and the growing middle class, some of whom now prefer air travel. On the intercontinental routes, passenger numbers also went up by 12.5% to 26.7 million in 2012. Significant growth was especially experienced on the Africa-Asia Pacific and Africa-Middle East routes. Africa-Europe still remains the most important intercontinental passenger air transport market, accounting for 51% of total intercontinental passengers. Significantly, number of passengers carried intra-Africa increased to almost the same number carried between Africa and the Middle East in 2012. Intra-Africa passenger numbers stood at 22% of total carried; same as that to/from the Middle East.

Total Passengers (in millions) Carried by African Airlines and Percentage Growth, 2007-2012

Source: AFRAA

African Airlines Passenger Distribution 

Intercontinental passenger market segment remains the biggest with 42% of all passengers travelling between Africa and other regions of the world. The domestic market segment represents 31% while the intra-Africa market is 27%. 

African Airlines Passenger Distribution 2012 

 

Source: AFRAA

 

Freight Carried 

In 2012 the continent airlines carried about 788,500 tonnes of total global freight carried, representing 1.8% of total air freight shipment. AFRAA member airlines in 2012 carried a total of over 710,800 tonnes. In FTKs, this represents a growth of 11.7% compared to 2.7% in 2011. The Middle East and Africa recorded the highest year-on-year air freight growth of 12.8% and 11.0% respectively. 

Freight Carried by African Airlines: 2007 - 2012 (tons)

Source: AFRAA/IATA WATS

Fleet Composition and Development 

Global commercial airline fleet in 2012 was composed of 20,320 passenger aircraft and 1,730 freighters according to Boeing. By 2032, this is expected to double to 41,240. Between 2013 and 2032, 35,280 new aircraft are expected to be added to or replace some existing fleet in operation. The total cost of the additional fleet is estimated at over US$4,860 billion. 

Africa Fleet Composition – 2012

Source: Boeing Market Outlook  

Africa passenger aircraft make up of 690 (3.4%) of the total global fleet. There are also about 10 freighters in operation. AFRAA airlines in 2012 operated a total of 573 aircraft or 83% of total African commercial fleet.

 

African Airports Statistics

In 2012, African airports carried 164 million passengers. This represented a 7% growth over the number of passengers carried in 2011. International passengers constituted 65% of the 107 million passengers carried by the top 20 airports. 

Of the top 20 airports, 3 are located in South Africa and 3 in Egypt, making the two countries the biggest air transport markets in Africa. O.R. Tambo International Airport is the busiest airport in Africa in terms of passenger numbers, cargo handled and aircraft movement.

Cargo traffic at African airports in 2012 was at the same level as in 2011, 1,844,000 tons. Compared to 2010 however, this represents a growth of 12.8%. The major cargo airport is O. R. Tambo International in Johannesburg. It accounted for 324,000 tons. Since 2010, Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta International Airport has marginally overtaken Cairo Airport as the second most important cargo hub in Africa. The five most significant cargo airports include; Johannesburg O.R. Tambo, Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta, Cairo Airport, Lagos hub Murtala Mohammed Airport and Addis Ababa Bole International Airport.